The author argues that top down modernity is prone to failure when it is not contextualized. “Imposing formality on informal areas and transforming them into high-end development and green spaces would have catastrophic consequences for the poor and would exacerbate, rather than resolve, a housing crisis.”
Reference: Nada Tarbush, Cairo 2050: Urban Dream or Modernist Delusion?, Journal of International Affairs, Spring/Summer 2012, Vol. 65, No. 2.